Continued…What was available in Post Colonial America?
_The Clabboard Bean_, is easiest cultivated and collected, are good for string beans, will shell–must be poled.
_The Windsor Bean_, is an earlier, good string, or shell Bean.
_Crambury Bean_, is rich, but not universally approved equal to the other two.
_Frost Bean_, is good only to shell.
_Six Weeks Bean_, is a yellowish Bean, and early bro’t forward, and tolerable.
_Lazy Bean_, is tough, and needs no pole.
_English Bean_, what _they_ denominate the _Horse Bean_, is mealy when young, is profitable, easily cultivated, and may be grown on worn out grounds; as they may be raised by boys, I cannot but recommend the more extensive cultivation of them.
_The small White Bean_, is best for winter use, and excellent.
_Calivanse_, are run out, a yellow small bush, a black speck or eye, are tough and tasteless, and little worth in cookery, and scarcely bear exportation.
_The Crown Imperial_, takes rank in point of flavor, they blossom,
purple and white on the top of the vines, will run, from three to five feet high, should be set in light sandy soil only, or they run too much to vines.
_The Crown Pea_, is second in richness of flavor.
_The Rondeheval_, is large and bitterish.
_Early Carlton_, is produced first in the season–good.
_Marrow Fats_, green, yellow, and is large, easily cultivated, not
equal to others.
_Sugar Pea_, needs no bush, the pods are tender and good to eat,
_Spanish Manratto_, is a rich Pea, requires a strong high bush.
All Peas should be picked _carefully_ from the vines as soon as dew is off, shelled and cleaned without water, and boiled immediately; they are thus the richest flavored.
_Herbs, useful in Cookery._
_Thyme_, is good in soups and stuffings.
_Sweet Marjoram_, is used in Turkeys.
_Summer Savory_, ditto, and in Sausages and salted Beef, and legs of Pork.
_Sage_, is used in Cheese and Pork, but not generally approved.
_Parsley_, good in _soups_, and to _garnish roast Beef_, excellent
with bread and butter in the spring.
_Penny Royal_, is a high aromatic, altho’ a spontaneous herb in old
ploughed fields, yet might be more generally cultivated in gardens,
and used in cookery and medicines.
_Sweet Thyme_, is most useful and best approved in cookery.
_Pears_, There are many different kinds; but the large Bell Pear,
sometimes called the Pound Pear, the yellowest is the best, and in the same town they differ essentially.
_Hard Winter Pear_, are innumerable in their qualities, are good in
sauces, and baked.
_Harvest_ and _Summer Pear_ are a tolerable desert, are much improved in this country, as all other fruits are by grafting and innoculation.
_Apples_, are still more various, yet rigidly retain their own
species, and are highly useful in families, and ought to be more
universally cultivated, excepting in the compactest cities. There is
not a single family but might set a tree in some otherwise useless
spot, which might serve the two fold use of shade and fruit; on which 12 or 14 kinds of fruit trees might easily be engrafted, and
essentially preserve the orchard from the intrusions of boys, &c.
which is too common in America. If the boy who thus planted a tree, and guarded and protected it in a useless corner, and carefully engrafted different fruits, was to be indulged free access into orchards, whilst the neglectful boy was prohibited–how many millions of fruit trees would spring into growth–and what a saving to the union. The net saving would in time extinguish the public debt, and enrich our cookery.
_Currants_, are easily grown from shoots trimmed off from old bunches, and set carelessly in the ground; they flourish on all soils, and make good jellies–their cultivation ought to be encouraged.
_Black Currants_, may be cultivated–but until they can be dryed, and until sugars are propagated, they are in a degree unprofitable.
_Grapes_, are natural to the climate; grow spontaneously in every
state in the union, and ten degrees north of the line of the union.
The _Madeira_, _Lisbon_ and _Malaga_ Grapes, are cultivated in gardens in this country, and are a rich treat or desert. Trifling attention only is necessary for their ample growth.